The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) is an affiliated research center of the World Health Organization. IARC's mission is to coordinate and conduct research on the causes of human cancer, the mechanisms of carcinogenesis, and to develop scientific strategies for cancer control.
IARC has been active in a number of studies assessing the role of HPV in cervical cancer. In 1990's, IARC coordinated several key studies of cervical cancer prevention approaches, including visual inspection, in developing countries such as India and Costa Rica. Within the Alliance, IARC provides a valuable resource for cervical cancer epidemiological data, and is playing a key role in clarifying the safety and effectiveness of visual inspection for screening/treatment decisions in India (where a quarter of all cervical cancer deaths occur).